Farmers given better training to face challenges

And this innovation will be especially needed to meet the challenges posed by climate change. “The biggest challenge is the uncertainty of the climate in which we have to learn to live. Agronomists say that this will be a big challenge for agricultural producers. They will need to develop the capacity for adaptation and flexibility. And if we think about global warming, it also means that we will be able to produce more of the crops we currently plant in the United States, but the other side of the coin is that we may lose some or grow crops in other areas. We also take the risk of going in. ,

Automation of operations and the use of robots in agriculture, a trend that is already gaining momentum, will obviously become even more important in the future.

One issue with new technology is cost. The more we adopt it, the less expensive it will become. Another challenge is access to high-speed internet in remote areas. We are in the process of addressing this, but it will be necessary everywhere for intelligent robots to be able to process data in the field.

Pascal Theriault, agronomist

Pascal Theriault also believes that the development of precision agriculture will reduce the use of phytoprotection products without loss of yield. “Their use will be very targeted. The concept of 4B (right product and right dosage, at the right time and in the right place) will be increasingly integrated into the practice of producers. ,

Agronomists predict that soon, artificial intelligence (AI) will also find its way onto Quebec farms. “At McGill, we are currently working on a research project into dairy production with AI. We set up a camera system in a barn to film the cows and develop an artificial algorithm that would be able to detect any health problems before they become apparent just by looking at them. This is a concept that we will see developed at the level of major crops as well. AI may be able to predict weather events simply by analyzing a series of data. ,

The Director of the Agribusiness Management and Technology Program also believes that, regardless of the commercial agreements signed over the past thirty years or in the coming years, Quebec’s agricultural model, with its supply management and marketing system, will remain the same in the future. Will remain. Prove its relevance.

“What the pandemic has taught us is that people’s food security is important, and a great strength of supply management is to be able to align our production with our consumption”, estimates Pascal Theriault, who to cope It concludes by saying that because of these many challenges, “even better trained producers will be needed to be able to perform in this new environment”.

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