The beach is the biggest winner in terms of population activities

Post-Covid, many urban residents have left city centres. A study shows that these new establishments mainly benefit the coast and do not concern rural areas.

Has Covid caused the lifestyle upheaval that was predicted on many occasions? Rather, according to one study, it was an accelerator of changes already at work Jean Jaurès Foundation, in partnership with IFOP. The file published on Friday April 12 analyzes population movements in the region by comparing municipal data of 2017 and 2021 from INSEE.

The first map sets out the situation: some areas in red show clear demographic variations beyond more than 5% of the population. The Atlantic coast (Morbihan, Vendée, Aquitaine coast) and the Mediterranean (Languedoc coast, Var and west of the Alpes-Maritimes) as well as some areas of Corsica seem to be the big winners this round trip.

“As we remember, the coastline, especially the Atlantic coast, saw the arrival of many people”covid refugee”Others came to spend their confinement in homes by the water. Apparently, some of them did not leave and decided to stay there for the whole year from now on,” the study by the Jean Jaurès Foundation said.

Culture Geek: Teleworking, monitoring everyone?  - 04/18
Culture Geek: Teleworking, monitoring everyone? – 04/18

“Imagination of living in a vacation spot”

In contrast, city centers are losing residents. But ex-city dwellers largely preferred the coast to the grasslands of the countryside. quoted by parisian Surveyor and essayist Jérôme Fourquet, author of the study, notes that some French people “realize the fantasy of living in a vacation spot.”

The beach’s renewed appeal for living there full-time isn’t the only lesson from the study. Some areas near Switzerland have also benefited from the influx of workers across the border. Jérôme Fourquet calls these attractive regions “the new Fertile Crescent”, which, from Saint-Malo, will cover the Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts and reach the Swiss border, touching Burgundy-Franche-Comté.

Suburbs near larger cities or “peri-urban rings” have also benefited from new arrivals. The study particularly cites population growth around the cities of Rennes, Nantes, Bordeaux and Toulouse.

The myth of urban migration for the benefit of rural areas

This distance from city centers and offices has been made possible by the generalization of telecommunications. According to an IFOP study, in 2022, 34% of French employees will work remotely, and in Île-de-France this proportion will be even higher.

Contrary to what was announced post-Covid, rural areas did not benefit from these population movements. The settlement of new villagers has not taken place, the fault of this is the lack of employment in these areas. Employment generation is concentrated only in 24 departmentsand partly on the coastal coast.

Several analyzes have already debunked this myth of urban migration to the benefit of rural areas. A study commissioned by the French rural network “Urban migration: a myth, realities” in February 2023 had already demonstrated that “the geography of projections and moves of the French in the world ultimately resembles very closely that of the “earlier world”. Similar to “, i.e. structured mainly around urban centres, which focus on jobs, services, educational structures”. If there is a move towards rural areas, it is called urban centres, “urban rural areas”. ” will concern areas close to.

If some myths are debunked, others are absolutely real. The fantasy of a detached house with a garden and even a swimming pool is becoming a reality. France remains the country with the most individual swimming pools after the United States, with 3.4 million pools in 2022, an increase of 188,600 pools from the previous year. A dream of home freshness that is easy to achieve outside city centres.

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